Born in September 1930 in Miluo City of Hunan Province;
Graduated as a major in Library Science from Wuchang Boone School in 1953 and has stayed as a teacher;
Obtained Vice Doctorate from Moscow Library College.
Peng, a library scientist, has committed himself to the teaching and research work on the theories and methods of bibliography and social scientific information, proposed the “contradictory theory” on the research object of bibliography, introduced the concept of “bibliographic information" and created the modern bibliography system, actively made representations across the country to succeed in setting up PhD programs on Library Science and Information Science at Wuhan University. Besides, Peng is quite prolific, and has made pioneering achievements especially in the research on bibliography, making important contribution to the development of the discipline. He has served as the Dean of WHU School of Library and Information Science, the Deputy Director of the Editorial Board of Library Sciences of China Encyclopedia, a member of the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Discipline Appraisal Group of the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council, the convener of the Information and Archives Management Discipline Group, the Executive Director of the 3rdand 4thedition of China Library Society, and the Vice-chair of 1stand 2ndedition of Hubei Library Society, etc. His books Introduction to Bibliography and Bibliographic Information Demand and Service Organization both won the 1st Prize in the National Excellent Textbook Award; and another book Bibliographic Information Demand and Service Studies won the 2nd Prize in the “National Humanities and Social Sciences Research Achievement in HEIs Award”. In addition, he presided over the main research project entitled “Profound Changes in the Teaching Systems of Library Science and Information Science", which won the National Excellent Teaching Achievement Award.
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